Industry Terms & Commonly Used Slang
Scratching your head over what “kief” is?Since many of our learners are newbies in the cannabis industry, you might see confusing words or phrases in the community. Browse our glossary to find a variety of cannabis term definitions and become more educated on industry terminology. This glossary will clear up the confusion and get you speaking like a native GC'er in no time! Also, please add new glossary terms if you see anything missing.
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A product is made by whipping oils extracted from the hash, you can mix the oil using a whisk that you would typically use for whipping heavy cream into whipped cream. However, unlike the baking process, the hash oil must be heated while being whipped with the whisk. The oil substance will become lighter and fluffier in texture and is often considered more delightful to smoke.
Edibles are cannabis-infused products that are consumed orally, versus smoking flower or concentrate. Some of the more common forms of edibles include baked goods (like brownies and cookies) and candy (like chocolate, gummies and lollipops), but can also be found in coffee, beef jerky, soda and more. Eating an edible is different than smoking bud because it’s being digested versus inhaled, which often results in a more intense and elongated high. When consuming an edible, it’s always safe to go slow and feel the intended effects first before consuming more.
Effects (of Cannabis)
The effects of cannabis are caused by the chemical compounds in the plant, including cannabinoids, such as Tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC), which is only one of more than 100+ different cannabinoids present in the plant. Cannabis has various psychological and physiological effects on the human body.
An 'eighth' (or 1/8) of an ounce (or 28.5 grams) refers to a specific quantity of cannabis which equates to 3.5 grams. Dispensaries will sell their products to consumers and patients using this amount. Other common amounts are a 'quarter' (or 1/4) of an ounce (or 28.5 grams) which equates to sevens grams of cannabis.
A solid electric conductor used to establish an electrical arc between contacts at either end of an High-Intensity Discharge (HID) lamp.
To grow in length - cannabis stretches from three inches (or 7.5 centimeters) to a foot (or 0.3 meters) when flowering is induced.
Bubbles of air in the transpiration stream of a cutting or cannabis clone - blocks uptake of water and nutrients.
A young plant, developing within the seed - in cannabis, an embryo is derived from a fertilized ovule.
A parasitic wasp that preys on whiteflies.
Endocannabinoid System (or ECS)
A biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the mammalian central nervous system (including the brain) and peripheral nervous system. The endocannabinoid system is involved in regulating a variety of physiological and cognitive processes including fertility, pregnancy, during pre- and post-natal development, appetite, pain-sensation, mood, and memory, and in mediating the pharmacological effects of cannabis.
An entheogen is a class of psychoactive substances that induce any type of spiritual experience aimed at development - the term entheogen is often chosen to contrast the recreational use of the same drugs.
Outer protective bulb or jacket of a lamp.
Hydrated magnesium sulfate in the form of white crystalline salt - epsom salts add magnesium to the soil.
When the sun crosses the equator and day and night are each 12 hours long - the equinox happens twice a year.
Another nickname for Butane Hash Oil (or BHO).
Volatile oils that give cannabis plants their characteristic odor or flavor - contained in the secreted resins of plants.
Ethane Methyl Sulfonate
A mutagenic chemical that causes changes at the Deoxyribonucleic Acid (or DNA) level - induces genetic mutations.
It is the process of extracting essential oils and cannabinoids from the cannabis plant by using ethyl or isopropyl as the solvent. Once the plant material is removed, the alcohol is evaporated leaving behind a sticky and highly potent substance. Further purification is done to obtain the various forms of hash oil including oil, shatter, budder or wax.
The growth of a cannabis plant in total darkness to increase the chances of root initiation.
Etymology (of Cannabis)
The plant name Cannabis is from Greek (kánnabis), via Latin cannabis, originally a Scythian or Thracian word, also loaned into Persian as kanab. English hemp (Old English hænep) may be an early loan (predating Grimm's Law) from the same Scythian source.
An extract is another term for concentrate, a highly-potent substance derived from the cannabis plant, extracts are usually produced in a very scientific manner and producing them should generally be left to the experts, as it can be very hard and sometimes dangerous.
The process of obtaining cannabinoid-rich cannabis concentrates from the cannabis plants. The concentrates are produced in a scientific manner that utilizes solvents like butane, alcohol or carbon dioxide. The methods for extraction include Butane Hash Oil (or BHO), ethanol or supercritical carbon dioxide (or CO2), water processes.