Industry Terms

Industry Terms & Commonly Used Slang

Scratching your head over what “kief” is? 

Since many of our learners are newbies in the cannabis industry, you might see confusing words or phrases in the community. Browse our glossary to find a variety of cannabis term definitions and become more educated on industry terminology. 

This glossary will clear up the confusion and get you speaking like a native GC'er in no time! Also, please add new glossary terms if you see anything missing.

Browse the glossary using this index

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A possible solution or preemptive action to prevent possible problems and reduce risks.

Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

A standardized form that contains detailed information about possible health and safety hazards of a product and how to safely use, store, transport, handle, and dispose of a product. Under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act, suppliers must provide Safety Data Sheets (SDS's) for all hazardous material as a condition of sale, and employers must make them available to workers in multiple formats for review.


A crystalline compound that results from improper pH or toxic build-up of fertilizer - salt will burn plants, preventing them from absorbing nutrients.


The reduction in microbial load (or bioburden) by chemical means. The reduction of contamination, usually achieved through cleaning as a preparation step, followed by using chemicals, biocides, and disinfectants as sanitizing agents. Sanitation does not guarantee the complete absence of microorganisms.


Sativa plants are tall with long, narrow leaves and loosely attached branches, Sativa is native to the temperate warm climates of Mexico, Central America, and Southeast Asia. It is usually grown outdoors due to its tall stature, going to heights of up to 18 feet (or 5.5 meters). Since its vegetation period is much longer, these plants typically produce a much higher yield than Indica strains. The plant has lower Tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC) to Cannabidiol (or CBD) levels, explaining its stimulating properties characterized by uplifting, euphoric and cerebral highs.


Schwag is a word to describe low-quality cannabis that’s typically brown in color and very dry. Most often, a lot of seeds and stems will need to be removed before smoking the actual cannabis. Even then, schwag is flavorless and will not be covered in trichomes, which is always a sign of low-quality cannabis.


The shoot (containing buds) that is used for grafting.


The area in which something is applicable or a radius for something to be effective.


Used to prevent cannabis from falling through the hole at the bottom of a pipe or bong bowl. Especially useful if you’re putting a small amount of cannabis in the bowl, screens can be fashioned from household items such as aluminum foil. 

Screen of Green (or SCROG)

A growing method which involves training cannabis shoots onto a net, trellis, or chicken wire.

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