Industry Terms & Commonly Used Slang
Scratching your head over what “kief” is?Since many of our learners are newbies in the cannabis industry, you might see confusing words or phrases in the community. Browse our glossary to find a variety of cannabis term definitions and become more educated on industry terminology. This glossary will clear up the confusion and get you speaking like a native GC'er in no time! Also, please add new glossary terms if you see anything missing.
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A taproot is an anchoring root growing downward in a vertical orientation and they are the main root anchoring system that the feeding roots grow from. A taproot is usually a thick root that tapers gradually. Taproots are the thick primary root that normally grows straight down under the soil.
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa and these groups are given a taxonomic rank; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy.
Tape that is extremely useful to help seal all kinds of threaded pipe joints.
Lukewarm water 70 - 80 F (21 - 27 C), always use tepid water around cannabis plants to facilitate chemical processes and ease the shock.
The terminal (apical) bud of a cannabis plant is the primary growing point located at the apex (tip) of the stem and is the dominant bud. The terminal bud can cause all the axillary (lateral) buds below it to remain dormant. Terminal buds contain a special tissue called the apical meristem.
A large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects. They often have a strong odor and may protect the plants that produce them by deterring herbivores and by attracting predators and parasites of herbivores. Although sometimes used interchangeably with 'terpenes,' terpenoids (or isoprenoids) are modified terpenes as they contain additional functional groups, usually oxygen-containing and terpenes are hydrocarbons.
The process of isolating and extracting terpenes directly from cannabis flowers through molecular distillation.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC)
Tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC) is one of at least 100+ cannabinoids identified in cannabis. THC is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis. With the chemical name, Tetrahydrocannabinol, the term THC also refers to cannabinoid isomers.
Tetrahydrocannabivarol (or THCV)
Tetrahydrocannabivarol (or THCV) is a psychoactive chemical found in cannabis. As its name suggests, THCV is similar to Tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC) in molecular structure and psychoactive properties, but it provides a variety of pronounced and altogether different effects.
A device for regulating temperature, a thermostat may control a heater, furnace, or vent fan.
A cannabis grinder made up of three segments, a grinding segment, a flower collection segment with a metal screen, and a kief-collection segment.
An electrical device for regulating photoperiod, fan, etc., a timer is a must in all cultivation operations.
A liquid form of cannabis, typically made from glycerin (sweeter) or alcohol (harsher), the majority of tinctures are flavored and distributed via an eyedropper under the tongue for faster absorption into the body. Some people relate tincture highs to that of an edible, but without consuming actual food. After taking a tincture directly, a user will typically feel its results in a shorter time period than that of consuming an edible.
The physical act of inhaling cannabis smoke, toking frequently refers to joints, blunts, spliffs, and any form of cannabis rolled in paper. However, it can also refer to glass pipes, one-hitters, and bongs, depending on the circumstances.
A cannabis-infused oil, cream, salve, lotion or balm applied on the skin to provide therapeutic benefits for pain and inflammation. It is preferred by people who would like to avoid the psychoactive effects associated with other cannabis products as it does not reach the bloodstream but only penetrates to the endocannabinoid. Topical is used to treat a variety of skin conditions, itching, muscle soreness, tension, arthritis, pain, and inflammation.
A tool that heats propane to produce a large, consistent flame, typically used to heat up a rig when consuming dabs. This unique way of smoking concentrates (wax, shatter, etc.) called dabbing, is dependent on heating the surface to the right temperature so as to fully dissolve the product upon contact.
The amount of time a pesticide or fungicide remains active or live.
Bred from a cross between Aghani Indicas and, Mexican and Thai Sativas, this strain has a high Tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC) content and exudes aromas of lemon and pine.
A device in the ballast that transforms electric current from one voltage to another.
To give off water vapor and by-products via the stomata on cannabis leaves.
Transplanting your cannabis plants can be one of the trickiest parts of growing your cannabis plants. Once your plants have established a stable root system, they are ready for a period of major foliage growth. If you don't transplant your plants in time they might get rootbound. Rootbound means that the roots have grown all the way around the edges and your plant will not grow any more until you transplant it to a larger container.
A slang term for cannabis that references the shape of certain buds, when trimmed, nugs of cannabis often look like little trees.
This is one of many treasures that’s resulted from the great melting cannabis in culture - 'treefer' is a slang term for cannabis that combines the terms 'tree' and 'reefer.'
A frame of small boards that trains or supports cannabis plants, a trellis is a framed screen or net with a lattice pattern. It can be positioned vertically or horizontally to maximize available grow space and light penetration in any cannabis garden. This allows the grower to dramatically increase yields.
Trichomes are crystalized glands that produce resin on a cannabis plant. Often referred to as 'sticky little hairs,' these glands are not actually hairs or crystals (although they’re still very beautiful close-up). Instead, they’re specific parts of the plant that carry the majority of cannabinoids and cover the cannabis plants' major surfaces. Under a microscope, trichomes look like mini mushrooms, with each section providing certain value to the plant. The head is most valuable and is frequently turned into a quality sieve or water hash.
Trim is the leftover bits of cannabis leaf and smaller buds that you collect huge piles of when trimming a freshly-harvested plant. Trim can often be used to make extracts like hash because you usually end up with so much of it and it still contains many valuable cannabinoids - the natural concentration of cannabinoids in such ancillary parts of the cannabis plant, however, is just not as concentrated.
Trim run describes a concentrate made from the trimmings of a cannabis plant. Growers often make huge batches of trim run because they often are left with huge quantities of leaves, stems, and tiny nugs after harvesting a crop. Trim run, however, is still sufficiently potent for most people, and some producers have found that the difference between trim run and nug run (concentrate made from cannabis) is nearly negligible.
Having three sets of chromosomes within each cell may contribute to increased vigor.
A heavy, hard metal with a high melting point that conducts electricity well, tungsten is used for a filament in tungsten halogen lamps.